Treatment for ovarian cancer may include surgery, chemotherapy, radiation therapy, hormone therapy, or targeted therapy, often using more than one treatment. The type of treatment also depends on many factors, including the type of ovarian cancer, its stage, and the general condition of the patient.
Surgery: Surgery to treat ovarian cancer includes the following:
Surgery to remove an ovary: In very early cases of cancer that has involved only one ovary and has not spread to other areas, surgery may include removing the affected ovary and its fallopian tube. This method can maintain your ability to conceive and have children.
Surgery to remove both ovaries: If cancer of both your ovaries is involved but there are no other symptoms, the surgeon may surgically remove both ovaries and both fallopian tubes.
This way, your uterus stays intact, so you can still get pregnant using your fetus or your frozen ovary or donated ovary.
Removal of both ovaries and uterus: If your cancer is more advanced or you no longer want to conceive or have children, have an ovarian, fallopian tube, uterus, adjacent lymph nodes, and adipose tissue around the abdomen (omentum). ) Raises.
Cytoreductive or Debulking Surgery: If the cancer has spread beyond the pelvic area, the surgeon removes the cancerous tissue as much as possible, which may include gallbladder tissue and other organs. This method can help reduce symptoms and make chemotherapy more effective.
Chemotherapy: Chemotherapy is a drug that uses chemicals to kill fast-growing cells, including cancer cells, and to prevent them from growing and dividing. Chemotherapy drugs can be injected or taken orally. Drugs are sometimes injected directly into the abdomen (intraperitoneal chemotherapy). Chemotherapy is often used after surgery to kill any cancer cells that may have remained, but it can also be used before surgery. Chemotherapy usually involves 3 to 6 sessions. There will then be an interval of 3 to 4 weeks between sessions so that the body can recover. If the cancer comes back or starts growing again, chemotherapy may be needed again.
Targeted chemotherapy: This method uses drugs that target specific vulnerabilities in cancer cells. This method is usually used when the cancer returns after the initial treatment or does not respond to other treatments. This method minimizes damage to healthy cells compared to conventional chemotherapy and reduces side effects.