COVID measures lowered COPD hospitalizations

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COVID measures lowered COPD hospitalizations

COVID measures lowered COPD hospitalizations

COVID measures lowered COPD hospitalizations

The drop is linked to a fall in influenza and other seasonal viruses that can cause chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). According to a new study, public health interventions employed to prevent the spread of COVID-19 also helped persons with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) breathe a bit easier during the pandemic, with hospitalizations for the lung illness dropping by 53%.

A significant decrease

The study, done at the University of Maryland School of Medicine (UMSOM) and published in The American Journal of Medicine, ascribed the lower need for medical care to a significant decrease in the prevalence of influenza and other seasonal viruses that can cause COPD.

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There will be a lot of illness.

Our research shows that the behavioral modifications have benefits beyond COVID-19 protection. If we entirely eliminate masks and distance during cold and flu season, all of the viruses that have been properly suppressed will resurface. It’s possible that there will be a lot of illness.

COPD

COPD, a chronic, inflammatory condition that obstructs the movement of air from the lungs, affects almost two million Canadians, according to the Public Health Agency of Canada. The disease is caused mostly by smoking tobacco or extended secondhand or passive exposure to tobacco smoke, and it is more common in those with other chronic disorders (such as diabetes and hypertension).

Causes Of COPD

The most common causes of COPD are emphysema and chronic bronchitis, two disorders that usually occur together. COPD patients may endure breathing difficulties, wheezing, and a persistent cough, as well as an elevated risk of other dangerous disorders like heart disease and lung cancer.

The positive effect of social isolation

Seasonal respiratory viruses cause over half of all COPD flare-ups, with cigarette smoke, air pollution, and respiratory infections accounting for the majority of the remaining hospitalizations. Researchers hypothesized that social isolation and mask mandates aimed to keep people safe from COVID would likely provide a breath of fresh air to those with COPD in the midst of the pandemic.

COVID measures lowered COPD hospitalizations

The study

Researchers compared weekly COPD hospital admissions at the University of Maryland Medical System (UMMSthirteen )’s hospitals in 2018 and 2019 — before the pandemic — with rates recorded after tough health measures were implemented last year to test their theory.

Procedure

We looked at a number of factors that potentially influence COPD admissions, such as the existence of numerous diseases or medical conditions and the frequency of COPD exacerbations, said Jennifer Y. So, the study’s co-lead author and an assistant professor of medicine at UMSOM.

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53 percent decrease in COPD

During COVID-19, we discovered a 53 percent decrease in COPD admissions across the UMMS campus. This is impressive, but the decrease in weekly COPD admissions was 36 percent lower than drops in other critical medical illnesses such as congestive heart failure, diabetes, and heart attack. With the incidence of immunization rising and health measures reducing, researchers are concerned that if COPD sufferers abandon these safeguards, the same old triggers may wreak havoc on them.

The importance of masking

A simple thing like wearing a mask when using public transportation or working from home while you’re sick with a cold could go a long way to reducing viral exposure, Reed said. Patients’ continued devotion to these health measures could go a long way toward preventing future issues. The COVID-19 epidemic has made many people throughout the world more aware of the importance of masking and social distancing in preventing disease spread.

 

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