All about Kidney Stone : Diagnosis
If your doctor suspects that you have kidney stones, he or she may order tests and tests for a definitive diagnosis.
Blood test: A blood test may show high levels of calcium or uric acid in the blood.
Urine test: A 24-hour urine test may show too many stone-forming minerals in the urine. Some substances are also effective in preventing the formation of deposits and stones in the urine, which may be too low in the urine.
Kidney imaging: Images may show the presence of kidney or urethral stones. In some shooting methods, even the smallest stones are exposed. Some imaging modalities include ultrasound and venous tomography.
Analysis and evaluation of discarded small stones: Your doctor may ask you to urinate in a special strainer to hold stones excreted in the urine. Experiments on these rocks determine their structure and type.
Most small kidney stones do not require invasive treatment (such as surgery) for treatment. You can get rid of very small kidney stones by drinking plenty of water and fluids, taking painkillers and medication. However, some stones cannot be treated with non-invasive procedures because they are too large to pass through the duct and cause bleeding urinary tract infections, and kidney damage. These stones require more invasive treatments such as ultrasound stone removal, surgery, and removal of the stone or ureter scope. Tests and tests are performed to identify stones that need further treatment.
The following steps can be taken to reduce the risk of kidney stones:
Drink plenty of water throughout the day
Doctors usually recommend that patients with kidney stones have about 2.5 liters of urine per day. Your doctor may ask you to measure your daily urination to make sure you are getting enough water and fluids.
If you live in a hot, dry environment, exercising and sweating a lot, you should drink more water to urinate enough. If your urine is clear and pale, it is probably a sign that you are drinking enough water.
Eat fewer oxalate foods
If your kidney stones are calcium oxalate, your doctor will advise you to limit your consumption of foods containing oxalate. Some rich sources of oxalate include rhubarb, beets, beet leaves, okra, spinach, sweet potatoes, nuts, tea, chocolate, black pepper, and soy products.
Calcium in foods does not affect the risk of developing kidney stones. You can still eat calcium-rich foods unless your doctor tells you otherwise.