All about Rickets or osteoporosis (part 1)


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All about Rickets or osteoporosis (part 1)

All about Rickets or osteoporosis (part 1)

All about Rickets or osteoporosis (part 1)

Rachitic or rickets is a complication in children in which the bones become abnormally soft due to a lack of vitamin D and minerals to strengthen them. This complication in adults is known as osteoporosis or osteoporosis.

What is rickets or osteoporosis?

Our bones are constantly being destroyed and rebuilt to stay strong and strong throughout our lives. So that the whole skeleton of our body is completely renewed almost every eight years. Some minerals, such as calcium and phosphate, form an important part of bone structure and make it strong. This process (called mineralization) is done with the help of vitamin D. Vitamin D also helps the body absorb enough calcium from nutrients to provide the materials and subunits needed to build bones. Therefore, if someone is deficient in calcium or vitamin D, this deficiency will cause his or her bones to soften. In adults, this complication is known as osteoporosis. In children, however, the same complication is referred to as rickets or rickets. As bone growth increases, children with rickets develop bone deformities or cruciate ligaments due to the softness of the bones.

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What causes rickets or osteoporosis?

There are several different causes for this complication:

Vitamin D deficiency

The most common cause of rickets and osteoporosis is vitamin D deficiency over a long period. The process of producing vitamin D in the body is mainly regulated by sunlight. Vitamin D is produced when the skin is exposed to sunlight, but in some countries, sunlight is only strong enough to induce vitamin D production between April and October. Therefore, people living in these countries are more likely to be deficient in vitamin D, and if they do not get enough sun, cover their bodies too much, or apply a lot of sunscreen on their skin when they go out, the risk of osteoporosis is severe. It will threaten them. In addition, people with dark skin, such as people in Asia, Africa, and South and Central America, are less able to enjoy the benefits of sunlight.

A smaller portion of vitamin D is supplied to the body through food. Foods rich in vitamin D include fish (such as salmon), breakfast cereals, vegetable butter, and eggs. Vegetarians and people on a diet devoid of animal products are more prone to vitamin D deficiency and rickets or osteoporosis.

Another reason for vitamin D deficiency can be the body’s inability to absorb enough nutrients (malabsorption) due to complications such as colic, gastric or intestinal surgery, Crohn’s disease (inflammation of the intestines), or chronic inflammation of the pancreas.

People with chronic kidney disease or liver disease, such as cirrhosis, are also more likely to be deficient in vitamin D.

Babies depend on their mother for enough vitamin D. Vitamin D deficiency in pregnant or lactating mothers can lead to rickets in children.

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