What exactly is a physical disability?Physical impairments can impair a person’s physical capabilities and/or mobility, either temporarily or permanently. Physical limitations can be caused by a variety of factors, including hereditary or genetic abnormalities, acute illnesses, and injuries. Here are different kinds of physical diseases.
Traumatic brain damage
Acquired brain injuries are caused by brain injury that occurs after birth. They can be caused by a variety of factors such as a head injury, stroke, alcohol or drugs, infection, disease such as AIDS or cancer, or a lack of oxygen.
Many people who have suffered a brain injury have difficulty processing information, and solving problems. They may also notice changes in their behavior and demeanor, as well as changes in their physical and sensory capacities, as well as changes in their thinking and learning. Brain injuries and the problems they induce might have temporary or permanent consequences.
Injury to the spinal cord (SCI)
If too much pressure is applied to the spinal cord, or if the blood and oxygen supply to the spinal cord is cut off, the spinal cord can be damaged. When the spinal cord is injured, it results in a loss of function, such as movement or sensation. A spinal cord injury causes paraplegia (lack of function below the chest) in some persons and quadriplegia in others (loss of function below the neck).
Accidents cause 79 percent of spinal cord injuries in Australia, with motor vehicle accidents and falls being the most common causes. Cancer, arthritis, infections, blood clots, and degenerative spinal diseases are some of the other reasons. Paralysis can impact numerous sections of a person’s body, including the cardiovascular and bowel function, temperature, and sensory capacities, in addition to their ability to move.
Spina bifida, one of the different kinds of physical diseases, is a condition in which the spine and spinal cord do not develop properly in pregnancy. It can cause the spinal cord and nerves to be exposed on the back’s surface rather than inside a bone canal protected by muscle. People with spina bifida have a variety of physical problems, including paralysis or weakness in the legs, bladder incontinence, spinal abnormalities, and learning issues.
The etiology of spina bifida
The etiology of spina bifida is unknown, however genetic and environmental factors are likely to be involved. A mother’s adequate folate intake during early pregnancy has been demonstrated to be a key factor in avoiding a kid from getting spina bifida.
Cerebral palsy is usually caused by an injury to the developing brain before or during birth, which is caused by a decreased blood flow and a lack of oxygen to the brain. Pregnancy illnesses such as rubella (German measles), brain damage, meningitis in young children, and preterm birth can all be causes.
Cerebral Palsy Alliance
Over 90% of cerebral palsy cases in Australia were caused by a brain injury when the mother was pregnant or before one month of age; however, 10% of people acquire the impairment later in life, mainly as a result of illnesses such as meningitis and encephalitis, or a head injury. Cerebral palsy patients may experience weakness, difficulties walking, a loss of muscular control, coordination issues, involuntary movements, and other symptoms.
Cystic fibrosis (CF)
Cystic fibrosis (CF) is a hereditary genetic disease which is among the different kinds of physical diseases. It affects the respiratory, and reproductive systems of the body. It mostly affects the mucus and sweat glands in the body, causing mucus to thicken and cling together. In the lungs, this can obstruct the airways and trap germs, causing lung damage and recurring infections.
The effects of CF on body
More than one in every 25 Australians carries the cystic fibrosis gene, yet being a carrier does not guarantee that you will get CF. The effects of CF on other regions of the body create a variety of additional symptoms, including sinus infections, poor development, and infertility.
Epilepsy, one of the different kinds of physical diseases, is a neurological illness in which a person experiences periodic seizures as a result of a rapid burst of electrical activity in the brain. Seizures can induce unexpected movements, strange feelings or sensations, changes in behavior, or cause a person to lose consciousness. Epilepsy is caused by a variety of conditions, including brain traumas, structural abnormalities of the brain, and other hereditary factors.