All kinds of physical diseases (part 2)


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All kinds of physical diseases (part 2)

What exactly is a physical disability? Physical impairments can impair a person’s physical capabilities and/or mobility, either temporarily or permanently. Physical limitations can be caused by a variety of factors, including hereditary or genetic abnormalities, acute illnesses, and injuries. Here are different kinds of physical diseases.

Multiple sclerosis (MS)

MS develops when the myelin sheath — the protective tissue that surrounds nerve fibers in the body – is destroyed, resulting in random areas or scars. Scars in the brain, optic nerves, and spinal cord can interfere with messages transmitted through the central nervous system. MS symptoms can range from fatigue to loss of motor function, tingling, numbness, visual problems, memory loss, depression, and cognitive issues.

MS progression and severity

 MS progression and severity can be difficult to anticipate; it may advance slowly in one individual but swiftly in another. Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a neurological disorder that affects the brain and spinal cord (central nervous system).

MS symptoms

The immune system destroys the protective coating that protects nerve fibers in MS, causing communication issues between the brain and the rest of the body. It can eventually cause nerve damage that is irreversible. MS symptoms vary from person to person, but they might include tiredness, loss of motor control, visual abnormalities, memory loss, depression, and cognitive issues. Although these are some of the facts of MS, there are many myths and misunderstandings about it. Let’s look at some of the most frequent.

MS patients are always in need of a wheelchair.

As misconception indicates, each instance of MS is unique, and the course of the disease can be difficult to anticipate. Some people may need to use a wheelchair or other assistance equipment at some point in their lives, but the vast majority will not.

The disease’s development

Much of the current MS research has focused on delaying the disease’s development – and the good news is that 90 percent of individuals have just a minor level of impairment five years after diagnosis (MS Foundation). Even 20 years after diagnosis, it is expected that just one-third of patients (who do not undergo therapy) will require the use of a wheelchair.

Women with MS

Before 1950, those women who has MS were advised to not have child, as it was believed pregnancy may intensify the symptoms. However, the concept has since been abandoned.

Higher risk of infertility

In reality, being pregnant can lead to fewer relapses, especially at the conclusion of the nine-month period. There is also no relationship between a mother’s MS and a higher risk of infertility, miscarriage, birth malformations, labor and delivery complications, or any other bad consequences for the infant. There is also evidence that having children may reduce the likelihood of developing MS in the first place.

Dystrophy of the muscles

Muscular dystrophy, one of the kinds of physical diseases, is a category of hereditary illnesses that cause gradual and permanent muscular weakening and loss. There are about 30 distinct forms of muscular dystrophy, each with its own etiology. Signs and symptoms might range from difficulties walking to difficulty breathing or eating, limitation in joint action, and heart and other organ disorders. The most frequent variety of the disease manifests itself in childhood, although some do not manifest themselves until middle life or later.

Tourette’s syndrome

Tourette syndrome is one of the kinds of physical diseases. It is a neurological condition characterized by uncontrollable and repeated vocalizations, noises, and movements known as tics. These tics are neurological rather than behavioral, which implies that a person with Tourette syndrome is unable to control them. Sniffing, and tongue clicking, grunting, and, in rare cases, blurting out socially inappropriate words or phrases are examples of vocal tics.

Tourette syndrome

Tourette syndrome is usually diagnosed between the ages of two and twenty-one. It is unknown what causes Tourette syndrome, although it is most likely a mix of genetic, environmental, and neurochemical (brain chemicals) factors.


Dwarfism, one of the kinds of physical diseases, is a disorder characterized by small height (abnormal skeletal development) that can be caused by more than 300 hereditary or medical factors. Dwarfism is commonly described as an adult height of 4 feet 10 inches or less, with the average height of a person with dwarfism being 4 feet 10 inches (Mayo Clinic).

In general, dwarfism is classified into two types:

Disproportionate dwarfism occurs when certain portions of the body are smaller than others, while others are average or above-normal.

Proportionate dwarfism occurs when the body is averagely proportioned and all body parts are undersized to the same degree.

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