Alternative names: Amebic dysentery; Intestinal amebiasis; Amebic colitis; Diarrhea — amebiasis; Diarrhea — amebiasis
Definition: Amebiasis is a parasitic infection of the intestines. Entamoeba histolytica, a tiny parasite, causes it.
- histolytica can survive in the large intestine (colon) without causing damage. It can infiltrate the colon wall and cause colitis, acute dysentery, or long-term (chronic) diarrhea in some circumstances. The virus might potentially spread to the liver through the circulation. It can spread to the lungs, brain, and other organs in rare circumstances.
There are cases of this condition all across the world. It’s especially common in Africa where there’s congestion and poor living conditions. In Africa, Mexico, portions of South America, and India, this sickness has caused major health concerns.
The parasite has the potential to spread:
- By ingesting stools-tainted food or drinking tainted water
- Through the use of human waste fertilizer
- From person to person, particularly by touch with an infected individual’s mouth or rectal area.
The following are some of the risk factors for severe Amebiasis:
- Use of alcoholic beverages
- Age (older or younger)
- Corticosteroid therapy is used to inhibit the immune system.
Amebiasis is more common in people who reside in institutions or who have been to a region where amebiasis is common in Canada and the United States.
The majority of persons who have this infection have no symptoms. If symptoms appear, they appear 7 to 28 days after the parasite has been introduced.
The following are examples of mild symptoms:
- Cramps in the abdomen
- Diarrhea: passing 3 to 8 semiformed stools per day, or passing soft stools with mucus and blood on occasion Diarrhea: passing 3 to 8 semiformed stools per day Diarrhea: passing 3 to 8 semiformed stools per day Diarrhea: passing
- a lot of gas
- Having a bowel movement causes rectal pain (tenesmus)
- Weight reduction that occurs unintentionally
The following are examples of severe symptoms:
- Tenderness in the abdomen
- Passage of 10 to 20 stools per day, including bloody stools and liquid stools with blood streaks
Exams and tests
A physical examination will be performed by the health care professional. Your medical history will be questioned, especially if you have recently visited abroad.
An examination of the abdomen may reveal liver enlargement or abdominal pain.
The following tests can be ordered:
Test for amebiasis in the blood
The inside of the lower big bowel is examined (sigmoidoscopy)
Stool samples are examined under a microscope, usually with many samples taken over several days.
Antibiotics are usually prescribed. You may be administered medicines through a vein (intravenously) if you are vomiting until you are able to take them by mouth. Anti-diarrhea medications are rarely prescribed because they can exacerbate the problem. Your feces will very certainly be rechecked after antibiotic therapy to ensure that the infection has been cleared.
With treatment, the outcome is usually favorable. The ailment usually lasts approximately two weeks, but it can return if you do not get treatment.
Complications that could occur
Amebiasis complications can include:
Abscess of the liver (collection of pus in the liver)
Nausea is one of the side effects of medicine.
The parasite spreads through the bloodstream to the liver, lungs, brain, and other organs.
When Should You Consult a Doctor?
If you have diarrhea that does not go away or worsens, contact your doctor.
Drink filtered or boiling water when visiting countries with inadequate sanitation. Uncooked veggies and unpeeled fruit should not be consumed. After using the restroom and before eating, wash your hands.