Campylobacter infection

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Campylobacter infection

Campylobacter infection

Campylobacter infection

Alternative names: Food poisoning — campylobacter enteritis; Infectious diarrhea — campylobacter enteritis; Bacterial diarrhea — campylobacter enteritis; Bacterial diarrhea — campylobacter enteritis; Bacterial diarrhea — campylobacter enteritis; Bacterial diarrhea Campy; Campylobacter causes gastroenteritis and colitis.

Definition: Campylobacter infection is caused by the bacteria Campylobacter jejuni, which lives in the small intestine. It’s a form of gastrointestinal illness.

Causes

  • Intestinal infection caused by Campylobacter enteritis is very prevalent. These bacteria are also one of the many causes of food poisoning or traveler’s diarrhea.
  • People most often get infected by eating or drinking food or water that contains the bacteria. The most typically infected foods are raw poultry, fresh produce, and unpasteurized milk.
  • Infected people or animals can also infect you if you come into close contact with them.

Symptoms

  • Symptoms appear two to four days following exposure to the pathogen. They usually last a week and involve the following:
  • Irritable stomach discomfort
  • Fever
  • Vomiting and nausea
  • The diarrhea is usually watery, but it can also be bloody.

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Exams and Tests

  • A physical examination will be performed by your health care practitioner. These tests can be carried out:
  • A complete blood count (CBC) with differential is a test that measures the amount of blood in the body.
  • White blood cell testing on a stool sample
  • Campylobacter jejuni stool culture

Treatment

  • The infection usually always goes away on its own and does not require antibiotic treatment. Antibiotics may help with severe symptoms.
  • The idea is to improve your mood and prevent dehydration. Dehydration occurs when the body loses water and other fluids.
  • If you have diarrhea, these items may help you feel better.
  • Every day, drink 8 to 10 glasses of clear fluids. Fluids should contain salts and simple carbohydrates for persons who do not have diabetes. Sugar-free fluids should be consumed by diabetics.
  • When you have a loose bowel movement, drink at least 1 cup (240 milliliters) of liquid.
  • Instead of three large meals, eat modest meals throughout the day.
  • Pretzels, soup, and sports drinks are examples of salty foods.
  • Bananas, potatoes without the skin, and watered-down fruit drinks are all high in potassium.

Campylobacter infection

Perspectives (Prognosis)

Th majority of people recover between 5 to 8 days.

Campylobacter infection can move to the heart or brain if a person’s immune system isn’t functioning properly.

Other issues that may arise include:

Reactive arthritis is a kind of arthritis.

Guillain-Barré syndrome is a neurological disorder that causes paralysis (rare)

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When Should You Consult a Doctor?

  • If you notice any of the following, contact your service provider:
  • You experience diarrhea that lasts longer than a week or that returns.
  • Your stools include blood.
  • You’re suffering from diarrhea and are unable to drink owing to nausea or vomiting.
  • You have a temperature of more than 101 degrees Fahrenheit (38.3 degrees Celsius) and diarrhea.
  • You appear to be dehydrated (thirst, dizziness, lightheadedness)
  • You recently returned from a trip to another nation and had diarrhea.
  • Your diarrhea does not improve or worsens after 5 days.
  • You’re suffering from acute stomach ache.

If your kid develops any of the following symptoms, contact your doctor:

  • Diarrhea and a fever of more than 100.4°F (37.7°C)
  • Diarrhea that does not improve or worsens after two days
  • I’ve been vomiting for almost 12 hours (in a newborn under 3 months you should call as soon as vomiting or diarrhea begins)
  • Reduced urine output, sunken eyes, a sticky or dry mouth, or no tears when crying are all signs of kidney disease.

Prevention

Learning how to avoid food poisoning can help to lower the chance of infection.

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