Alternative names: Food poisoning — campylobacter enteritis; Infectious diarrhea — campylobacter enteritis; Bacterial diarrhea — campylobacter enteritis; Bacterial diarrhea — campylobacter enteritis; Bacterial diarrhea — campylobacter enteritis; Bacterial diarrhea Campy; Campylobacter causes gastroenteritis and colitis.
Definition: Campylobacter infection is caused by the bacteria Campylobacter jejuni, which lives in the small intestine. It’s a form of gastrointestinal illness.
- Intestinal infection caused by Campylobacter enteritis is very prevalent. These bacteria are also one of the many causes of food poisoning or traveler’s diarrhea.
- People most often get infected by eating or drinking food or water that contains the bacteria. The most typically infected foods are raw poultry, fresh produce, and unpasteurized milk.
- Infected people or animals can also infect you if you come into close contact with them.
- Symptoms appear two to four days following exposure to the pathogen. They usually last a week and involve the following:
- Irritable stomach discomfort
- Vomiting and nausea
- The diarrhea is usually watery, but it can also be bloody.
Exams and Tests
- A physical examination will be performed by your health care practitioner. These tests can be carried out:
- A complete blood count (CBC) with differential is a test that measures the amount of blood in the body.
- White blood cell testing on a stool sample
- Campylobacter jejuni stool culture
- The infection usually always goes away on its own and does not require antibiotic treatment. Antibiotics may help with severe symptoms.
- The idea is to improve your mood and prevent dehydration. Dehydration occurs when the body loses water and other fluids.
- If you have diarrhea, these items may help you feel better.
- Every day, drink 8 to 10 glasses of clear fluids. Fluids should contain salts and simple carbohydrates for persons who do not have diabetes. Sugar-free fluids should be consumed by diabetics.
- When you have a loose bowel movement, drink at least 1 cup (240 milliliters) of liquid.
- Instead of three large meals, eat modest meals throughout the day.
- Pretzels, soup, and sports drinks are examples of salty foods.
- Bananas, potatoes without the skin, and watered-down fruit drinks are all high in potassium.
Th majority of people recover between 5 to 8 days.
Campylobacter infection can move to the heart or brain if a person’s immune system isn’t functioning properly.
Other issues that may arise include:
Reactive arthritis is a kind of arthritis.
Guillain-Barré syndrome is a neurological disorder that causes paralysis (rare)
When Should You Consult a Doctor?
- If you notice any of the following, contact your service provider:
- You experience diarrhea that lasts longer than a week or that returns.
- Your stools include blood.
- You’re suffering from diarrhea and are unable to drink owing to nausea or vomiting.
- You have a temperature of more than 101 degrees Fahrenheit (38.3 degrees Celsius) and diarrhea.
- You appear to be dehydrated (thirst, dizziness, lightheadedness)
- You recently returned from a trip to another nation and had diarrhea.
- Your diarrhea does not improve or worsens after 5 days.
- You’re suffering from acute stomach ache.
If your kid develops any of the following symptoms, contact your doctor:
- Diarrhea and a fever of more than 100.4°F (37.7°C)
- Diarrhea that does not improve or worsens after two days
- I’ve been vomiting for almost 12 hours (in a newborn under 3 months you should call as soon as vomiting or diarrhea begins)
- Reduced urine output, sunken eyes, a sticky or dry mouth, or no tears when crying are all signs of kidney disease.
Learning how to avoid food poisoning can help to lower the chance of infection.