Crohn’s disease (part2)


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Crohn’s disease (part2)

Crohn's disease

What part of the body does Crohn’s disease affect?

The disease can affect all parts of the gastrointestinal tract from the mouth to the anus.  But in most cases, the end of the small intestine or ileum or the beginning of the colon or large intestine is involved. It is also possible to involve the entire intestinal wall. Inflammation of the intestine may be sporadic.  This means that some parts of the intestine are involved in inflammation and there are healthy areas between them.

Ulcerative colitis or ulcerative colitis:

Only the large intestine is involved. Only the innermost layer of the large intestine is involved. All parts of the intestine are involved in inflammation, and there are no healthy areas between the affected areas.

Types of Crohn’s disease:

After being diagnosed with Crohn’s disease, one needs to know which part of the gastrointestinal tract is involved.  Because the symptoms of Crohn’s disease vary from person to person, the type of disease will greatly affect the problems and symptoms that a person experiences.


It is the most common type of Crohn’s disease and affects the end of the small intestine called the terminal ileum and the large intestine called the colon.

Symptoms of this type of disease include:

Diarrhea and abdominal cramping Pain in the middle or right side of the lower abdomen Significant weight loss


This type of disease affects only the ileum. The symptoms of this type of disease are similar to ileocolitis. In more severe cases, fistulas or nodules or inflamed abscesses develop in the right lower quadrant of the abdomen.

Gastroduodenal Crohn’s Disease:

This type of disease affects the stomach and the first part of the small intestine called the duodenum.

Symptoms include:

Nausea, vomiting, loss of appetite, weight loss


This type of disease is not very common and only the upper half of the middle part of the small intestine called the jejunum will be involved.

Symptoms of this type of disease include:

Severe or mild abdominal pain and cramping after meals. Fistula formation in severe cases or after prolonged periods of inflammation.

Crohn’s (Granulomatous) Colitis:

This type of Crohn’s disease affects only the large intestine.

Symptoms include:

Anal Diarrhea Diseases around the anus such as fistulas, abscesses and ulcers, skin lesions and joint pain are much more common in this type of disease.

Crohn’s disease and ulcerative colitis:

These two diseases have similar symptoms and both are inflammatory bowel diseases.  But do not forget that these two diseases are not the same and each of them affects a specific part of the gastrointestinal tract.

Inflammatory bowel disease is an autoimmune disease that affects approximately 3 million Americans.  Unfortunately, the cause of the disease’s autoimmunity is not yet fully understood.  There are organizations in the world that do a lot of research every year to better understand this disease.

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