Dengue fever

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Dengue fever

Dengue fever

Dengue fever

Alternative names: Dengue-like sickness; Breakbone fever; O’nyong-nyong fever

 Definition: Dengue fever is a mosquito-borne virus disease.

Causes

  • Dengue fever is a disease caused by one of four viruses that are all related. It is carried via mosquito bites, the most common of which is the Aedes aegypti mosquito, which is widespread in tropical and subtropical areas. Parts of the following can be found here:
  • Archipelago of Indonesia in northeastern Australia
  • Latin America and the Caribbean
  • Asia-Pacific
  • Africa sub-Saharan
  • The Caribbean in some places (including Puerto Rico and US Virgin Islands)

Dengue fever is uncommon in Canada and the United States. Dengue fever is not to be confused with dengue hemorrhagic fever, which is a different disease caused by the same virus but with far more severe symptoms.

Symptoms

Dengue fever is characterized by a rapid high temperature that can reach 105°F (40.5°C) four to seven days after infection.

2 to 5 days after the fever begins, a flat, red rash may emerge over the majority of the body. Later in the disease, a second rash that looks like measles occurs. Infected patients may have increased skin sensitivity and discomfort.

Other signs and symptoms include:

  • Fatigue
  • Pain in the head (especially behind the eyes)
  • Aches in the joints (often severe)
  • Muscle pain (often severe)
  • Vomiting and nausea
  • Lymph nodes swollen
  • Cough
  • Throat irritation
  • Stuffiness in the nose

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Exams and tests

The following tests may be used to determine whether or not you have this condition:

  • Types of dengue virus antibody titer
  • A complete blood count (CBC)
  • Dengue virus types are identified using a polymerase chain reaction (PCR) test.
  • Tests of liver function

Dengue fever

Treatment

this Disease does not have a specific therapy. If there are signs of dehydration, fluids are administered. A high temperature is treated with acetaminophen (Tylenol).

Aspirin, ibuprofen (Advil, Motrin), and naproxen should be avoided (Aleve). They may exacerbate bleeding issues.

Perspectives (Prognosis)

The illness usually lasts a week or longer. Dengue fever is not fatal, despite its discomfort. People who have the illness should be able to recover completely.

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Complications that could occur

Dengue fever, if left untreated, can lead to the following health issues:

Convulsions that are febrile

Dehydration is a serious problem.

When Should You Consult a Doctor?

If you have symptoms of this Disease and have traveled to a region where the disease is known to exist, contact your health care practitioner.

Prevention

Mosquito repellents, clothing, and netting can all assist to lower the danger of mosquito bites, which can spread dengue fever and other diseases. During mosquito season, stay indoors as much as possible, especially at dawn and dusk, when they are most active.

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