Hepatitis; Causes, Symptoms and everything you should know
Definition: Hepatitis is the inflammation and swelling of the liver.
- Hepatitis can be caused by a variety of factors, including:
- The liver is being attacked by immune cells in the body.
- Infections caused by viruses, bacteria, or parasites (such as hepatitis A, B, or C).
- Alcohol or poisoning can cause liver damage.
- Medicines, such as an acetaminophen overdose
- The liver is fatty.
- Inherited illnesses such as cystic fibrosis or hemochromatosis, a condition in which the body has too much iron, can also cause liver damage.
- Wilson disease, a condition in which the body stores too much copper, is another reason.
Hepatitis can develop quickly and then improve. It could also turn into a long-term problem. Hepatitis can cause liver damage, liver failure, cirrhosis, and even liver cancer in some people.
Several factors can influence the severity of the illness. These could include the cause of your liver damage as well as any ailments you may be suffering from. Hepatitis A, for example, is usually a transient infection that does not result in long-term liver damage.
Hepatitis causes the following symptoms:
- In the stomach, there is pain or bloating.
- Urine that is dark in color and feces that are pale or clay-colored
- Fever of a low intensity
- Jaundice is a type of jaundice that occurs (yellowing of the skin or eyes)
- Appetite loss.
- Vomiting and nausea
- Loss of weight
Exams and Tests:
- You’ll get a physical exam to search for the following things:
- The liver is enlarged and painful.
- Inflammation of the abdomen (ascites)
- Skin discoloration
- The following lab tests may be used to diagnose and monitor your condition:
- Abdominal ultrasonography
- Markers of autoimmunity in the blood
- Hepatitis A, B, or C tests in the blood
- Tests of liver function
- A liver biopsy is performed to determine whether or not there is any damage to the liver (may be needed in some cases)
- Paracentesis is a type of paracentesis in which (if fluid is in your abdomen)
Treatment choices will be discussed with you by your health care practitioner. The type of treatment you receive will depend on the reason of your liver illness. If you’re trying to lose weight, you might need to eat a high-calorie diet.
People with various varieties of hepatitis can join support groups. These organizations can assist you in learning about the most up-to-date treatments as well as how to cope with the sickness.
The prognosis for hepatitis will be determined by the cause of liver injury.
Call your doctor if:
- If you have any hepatitis symptoms or suspect you’ve been exposed to hepatitis A, B, or C, call your doctor.
- You can’t eat because you’re vomiting so much. It’s possible that you’ll need to get nutrients through a vein (intravenously).
- You’ve traveled to Asia, Africa, South America, or Central America and are sick.
- Consult your healthcare practitioner about getting a hepatitis A and B vaccine.
- Avoid sharing personal goods such as razors or toothbrushes to avoid the spread of hepatitis B and C from one person to another.
- SHARING DRUG NEEDLES OR OTHER DRUG EQUIPMENT IS NOT PERMITTED (such as straws for snorting drugs).
To lower your chances of contracting or spreading hepatitis A, follow these steps:
- After using the restroom and coming into contact with an infected person’s blood or other fluids, wash your hands thoroughly.
- Food and drink that have been tainted should be avoided.