The most common types of metabolic arthritis , Some types of CTD include:
Lupus scleroderma or systemic sclerosis dermatomyositis
Sometimes bacterial, viral, or fungal infections enter the joint, causing inflammation. Bacteria that are the main cause of this disease are:
Shigella and Salmonella bacteria can be transmitted through food poisoning Chlamydia and gonorrhea infections, which are sexually transmitted. Hepatitis C (a type of hepatitis) is an infectious disease that is transmitted through contaminated blood. Drastically increases.
Joint infections can often be treated with antibiotics or other antimicrobials. However, the disease can become chronic in some cases, and if the infection is not treated in time, the joint may never return to its original state.
Uric acid is a chemical produced by cells when purine is broken down. Purines are commonly found in human cells and some foods.
When uric acid enters the bloodstream, it travels to the kidneys and is excreted in the urine through the kidneys. When uric acid production is much higher than the body needs, the body cannot get rid of it quickly. Excess uric acid builds up in the body as a crystal in the joint, which can lead to sudden sores, severe pain, or gout attacks. If uric acid is not controlled and reduced in time in the body, gout can become a chronic disease.
The disease may affect one or more small joints, such as the big toe and wrist joint, at the same time. Metabolic arthritis usually affects the limbs. Studies show that uric acid crystals are more likely to form in joints that have less heat and are so-called cooler.
The most common types of metabolic arthritis
Rheumatoid arthritis and osteoarthritis have common features, although there are some differences.
Rheumatoid arthritis occurs when a person’s immune system attacks tissues in the body, especially connective tissue, which causes swelling, inflammation, and pain in the joint tissues.
Cartilage is a flexible tissue that withstands the greatest pressure during walking and running, allowing the joint to move smoothly.
Prolonged inflammation in the aqueous humor between the joints causes the cartilage to lose its elastic shape, causing deformity, swelling, and redness in the joint.
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Rheumatoid arthritis can occur at any age and usually causes fatigue, fragility, and joint dryness after rest.
Rheumatoid arthritis causes premature death and disability and severely affects the quality of life of sufferers. It can also lead to cardiovascular disease and greatly increase the risk of ischemic heart disease and stroke.
Early diagnosis of rheumatoid arthritis allows the person to control and manage the disease sooner, thus reducing its negative effects and improving the quality of life.
Osteoarthritis is caused by a decrease in the normal amount of cartilage tissue caused by the wear and tear of this tissue over time.
Osteoarthritis is a common joint disease that directly affects the cartilage, ligaments, connective tissue, and underlying bone of the joint.
Fractures and damage to these tissues lead to joint pain and stiffness.
Joints that are more stressed and bear more load are also more prone to this disease. For example, osteoarthritis is very common in the pelvic joints, knees, wrists, spine, and big toe.
The disease may include several types of rheumatism.
Juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA), known as rheumatoid arthritis, is very common in this age group. Rheumatoid arthritis in childhood can cause severe joint damage for which there is usually no cure. However, the disease may be inactive due to a disorder of the immune system.
Joint infection or septic arthritis (inflammation of the hip and knee joint)
It is possible that out of every 10,000 people, 2 to 10 people get the disease. Among people with rheumatoid arthritis, that number rises to about 30 to 70 per 100,000.
Septic arthritis is an inflammation of the joint caused by a bacterial or fungal infection that affects most of the pelvic and knee joints.
The disease is spread by the penetration of bacteria or microbes into the blood flowing through the joints, or the direct involvement of the joint with these agents through a wound or surgery.
Staphylococcus, Streptococcus, or Neisseria gonorrhoeae are some of the most common bacteria in the development of septic arthritis.
Mycobacterium tuberculosis and Candida albicans are also common fungi in septic arthritis. It is possible to get this disease at any age. The disease manifests itself in infants up to the age of 3, and the pelvis is the most common organ affected at this age.