What causes MS?


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What causes MS?

causes of What causes MS?

What causes MS?

The main cause of multiple sclerosis (MS) is unknown.  But it is an autoimmune disease in which the immune system attacks nerve tissue.  In the case of MS, this function destroys the immune system, myelin (the fat that covers and protects the nerve fibers in the brain and spinal cord).

Myelin can be compared to the insulation coating on electrical wires.  When the protective myelin is damaged and the nerve fiber is exposed to the environment, the messages that travel along this nerve may be slowed down or blocked.  Even the nerve itself can be damaged.

It is not clear why MS occurs in some people and does not.  A combination of genetics and environmental factors seems to be responsible.

Some of the factors that have been suggested as possible causes of MS include:

Genetics: Inflammation is not inherited directly.  But people who are related to someone with MS are more likely to get it.  A person’s sibling or child is about 2-3% more likely to develop OAs. Lack of sunlight and vitamin D: MS is more common in countries far from the equator.  This can mean that a lack of sunlight and a lack of vitamin D play an important role in this situation.  Although it is not clear whether vitamin D supplements can help prevent MS or not smoking: People who smoke are almost twice as likely to develop multiple sclerosis as those who do not smoke. Adolescent obesity  People who were obese during adolescence have a higher risk of developing MS. Viral infections: It has been suggested that infections, especially those caused by the Epstein-Barr virus (responsible for fever or infectious mononucleosis), may be systemic.  Involve the immune system and lead to MS in some people. Gender: Women are 2 to 3 times more likely to develop MS than men.  The reason for this is not clear!

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More research is needed to find out more about why MS occurs and whether anything can be done to prevent it.

How is MS diagnosed? Your doctor should do a neurological examination, a clinical history, and a series of other tests to determine if you have MS.

The diagnostic test may include the following:

MRI scan: Using contrast color allows MRI to detect active and inactive lesions in your brain and spinal cord. Potentially stimulating test: This test requires stimulation of nerve pathways to analyze electrical activity in your brain.  .  There are three types of potential stimulated by physicians to diagnose MS visually, brainstem, and sensory. Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) test: Your doctor may use this test to find abnormalities in the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF).  This can help prevent infectious diseases. Blood tests: Doctors use blood tests to diagnose and differentiate MS from other diseases with similar symptoms.

Diagnosis of MS requires evidence of detoxification that occurs at different times in more than one area of the brain, spinal cord, or nerves of the eye.

 It is also necessary to distinguish it from other diseases that have similar symptoms, such as: Sjögren’s Lyme Disease.

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