What is Bipolar disorder?
Bipolar disorder or bipolar mania – Depression is a mental disorder that causes severe changes in a person’s mood. You may all have experienced periods of frustration or happiness in your life or in the lives of those around you. For example, you may look fresher on sunny days than on cloudy and rainy days. Depending on the circumstances and mood of each person, part of the mood and self-change is normal. But sometimes these changes are so severe that they go out of the ordinary and become a kind of disorder. But what exactly is bipolar disorder and what are the symptoms that make you realize a disorder?
As the name implies, bipolar disorder causes different behavioral periods in a person. The period of mania and the period of depression. The period of mania is when the person is very active and the period of depression is when the person seems very calm and depressed. People with bipolar disorder may have difficulty managing their daily behaviors at school or at work, as well as maintaining emotional relationships.
The average age of onset of the disease is about 25 years and its prevalence is almost the same among men and women, although most people with this disorder are young, but it is possible to see bipolar disorder in children. We will discuss this issue in more detail below.
The important point in this disease is timely identification and treatment because if not treated in time, the symptoms of the disease will become more severe. There is currently no definitive cure for the disorder, but people with the disorder can control their symptoms by understanding what bipolar disorder is and using some treatments.
types of bipolar disorder
After that, we reviewed together what bipolar disorder is, we can examine its types. There are several types of bipolar disorder, which can be categorized as follows:
Bipolar disorder type 1: This disorder includes a period of mania (mania) that lasts at least 7 days or the recurrent symptoms of mania are so severe that the person needs to be hospitalized. In this type of disorder, the person may have experienced a period of depression before the mania period. In some cases, the severity of the mania can lead to mental breakdown.
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Type II bipolar disorder: In this type of disorder, a person experiences at least one period of depression and one period of semi-mania (hypomania).
Recurrent bipolar disorder or cyclothymia: Symptoms of this type of bipolar disorder include recurrent depressive symptoms and semi-mania. These are shorter and weaker symptoms of type I bipolar disorder or type II bipolar disorder.
Other types: Other types of bipolar disorder include “simultaneous bipolar disorder type I and II”, “type I and II bipolar disorder with rapid onset”, “type I and II bipolar disorder with recurrent seasonal patterns” or some Disorders caused by alcohol or drugs.
symptoms of bipolar disorder
Examining the signs and symptoms of bipolar disorder helps us better understand what bipolar disorder is. The type and severity of symptoms vary from person to person. People with bipolar disorder may experience overt periods of mania or depression. On the other hand, the disorder can last for years, even years, without obvious symptoms. It is also possible for a person to experience both types of symptoms in the short or long term at the same time.
Some of the symptoms of bipolar mania disorder:
They feel very happy and excited even when things are not going well.
They are full of exciting and new ideas.
They quickly change their position from one idea to another.
They hear voices that other people are unable to hear.
They are stimulated and react to things faster than usual.
They talk fast and constantly jump from one topic to another.
They think they can do anything.
They feel strange.
They are easily disturbed and difficult to concentrate on.
They are not really able or feel that they can not sleep.
They have an idea beyond themselves about themselves and their performance.
They make sudden decisions that can have serious consequences. (For example: gambling, unconventional sex, unreasonable business, etc.)
Symptoms of semi-manic bipolar disorder are similar to those of bipolar mania, except that it is milder in severity. These two disorders have the same treatment methods.