Xanthelasma, causes, diagnosis, and treatments
Cause of Xanthelasma and treatment of eyelid fat
It is yellow plaques that usually occur more near the inner corner of the upper eyelid than the lower eyelid. Xanthelasma pulp barum is the most common Xanthelasma of the inner corner of the eye.
- Joints, especially in the knees and elbows
It comes in a variety of sizes. These masses maybe the size of a needle or the size of a grape.
They often look like smooth bumps under the skin and sometimes look yellow or orange.
They usually do not cause pain. However, they may be sensitive and itchy. They may be a bunch of lumps in one area or several separate lumps in several different areas of the body.
Cause of yellow grains on the eyelid (Xanthelasma)
These conditions are rare, but if you have high levels of cholesterol or other fats in your blood, you may develop this skin condition. You may also have Xanthelasma if you have normal cholesterol levels.
Most people with this condition are middle-aged or older. It is more common in women than men. If you have Xanthelasma, your cholesterol should be checked with a blood test.
What causes Xanthelasma?
About half of people with Xanthelasma have high cholesterol. If you have the following conditions, you are more likely to get Xanthelasma:
- Bad cholesterol high or good cholesterol low
- A liver disease called primary biliary serosa which can cause elevated cholesterol levels.
- Hereditary high cholesterol (your doctor may call this condition familial hypercholesterolemia.)
Can Xanthelasma be cured?
These stains probably do not go away on their own. They either stay the same or get bigger over time. If you are worried about the appearance of these bumps, you can remove them. Your doctor can do this for you in one of the following ways:
- Destroy the mass with medicine.
- He treats it with an electric needle (you may know this method as electrical surgery).
- Remove it surgically.
- Destroy it with a laser.
- Freeze it with extreme cold (this is called cryosurgery).
These treatments work well, but can have side effects such as the following:
- Changes in skin color
- Eyelid deformity
- The lumps may come back, especially if you have inherited high cholesterol.
Xanthelasma and cholesterol
It may be a warning sign that cholesterol is building up in your blood vessels.
Over time,It can develop into sticky plaques in your arteries. This buildup is called atherosclerosis and can lead to heart disease or stroke.
Masses may be related to other risks of heart disease, such as:
- High blood pressure
What is the treatment for Xanthelasma?
It can be treated with surgery or destructive methods such as Nd: Yak lasers, PDL lasers, and CO2 lasers.
Other options include chemicals such as trichloroacetic acid, cryosurgery, and radiofrequency ablation (radiofrequency burning).
How is Xanthelasma diagnosed?
Your doctor or dermatologist can diagnose Xanthelasma. They may simply diagnose the condition by examining your skin. A skin biopsy can confirm the presence of fat deposits under the skin.
They may order a blood test to check your blood lipid levels, assess your liver function, and rule out diabetes.
If Xanthelasma is a sign of a disease, then the underlying problem should be treated. This treatment often eliminates the masses and minimizes the possibility of their return. Properly controlled diabetes and cholesterol levels reduce the risk of Xanthelasma.
Other treatments for Xanthelasma include surgical resection, laser surgery, or chemotherapy with trichloroacetic acid. It masses may return after treatment. However, some of these methods may not necessarily cure the condition. They can determine if the disease can be treated by controlling the underlying problem.
Prevention of Xanthelasma
It may not be completely preventable. If you have diabetes or hyperlipidemia, follow your doctor’s instructions on how to treat and control it.