All About PillCam , The endoscopic capsule (M2A)

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All About PillCam , The endoscopic capsule (M2A)

All About PillCam , The endoscopic capsule (M2A)

All About PillCam , The endoscopic capsule (M2A):

The endoscopic capsule (M2A) was first introduced in August 2001.  The capsule is designed from a small, swallowable wireless camera for painless imaging of the small intestine.  Endoscopic capsule;  It is an edible camera that measures only 11 mm by 26 mm and includes a camera, light source, radio transmitter and battery.  The patient can easily swallow it and the capsule camera can take about 2 images per second while passing through the gastrointestinal tract.  The patient wears a recording device the size of a walkman to the wrist or a belt to the waist.  Thousands of video images are transmitted through probes attached to the abdominal wall, stored on a recording device, and then transferred to a computer for viewing by a physician.  Endoscopic capsules are used in conditions such as abdominal pain, bleeding, malabsorption, tumors and drug-induced wounds.  This capsule is swallowed with water, is not digestible and is naturally excreted from the body.  It is worth mentioning that these capsules are produced for single use.

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The patient wears a recording device the size of a walkman to the wrist or a belt to the waist.  Thousands of video images are transmitted through probes attached to the abdominal wall, stored on a recording device, and then transferred to a computer for viewing by a physician.  Endoscopic capsules are used in conditions such as abdominal pain, bleeding, malabsorption, tumors and drug-induced wounds.  This capsule is swallowed with water, is not digestible and is naturally excreted from the body.  It is worth mentioning that these capsules are produced for single use.

Nowadays, endoscopy is performed by sending fiber optic wires into the body and separating the transmission of information, which is sometimes accompanied by injury and discomfort due to the progression of the endoscope tip to the small intestine.  To eliminate such a problem, swallowable miniature capsules are designed, which moderates this invasive method to a very high percentage.  These capsules travel from the esophagus to the stomach and intestines and send the resulting images to the recipient and are examined by a doctor.  This device produces two-dimensional images and simultaneously transmits visual information and receives the necessary signals for electronic control of the capsules.

Standard patient preparation includes 12 hours of not eating before the test.  Partial preparation of the intestine with polyethylene glycol is done one day before the test or up to 16 hours before or on the same day of the test at least 2-3 hours before the endoscopy.  However, 80 mg of simethicone 20 minutes before endoscopy is recommended for all patients.  2 liters of polyethylene glycol and 10 mg of metoclopramide are also recommended.  The reason for this recommendation is that when the capsules are ingested and travel along the small intestine, it will not be possible to see the mucous wall if the intestine is full of material.  It should be noted that erythromycin has no significant effect on the development of capsules in the small intestine, while metoclopramide increases the likelihood of a successful small bowel test.  (Metoclopramide reduces the passage time in the small intestine).  Patients are allowed to drink dilute fluids 2 hours before endoscopy and light food 4 hours after.

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