Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation (CPR)
CPR is an acronym for cardiopulmonary resuscitation. It is a life-saving treatment performed in an emergency when someone’s breathing or heartbeat has ceased. This could occur as a result of an electric shock, a heart attack, or drowning.
Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation (CPR) Definition:
Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation or CPR is a method that combines rescue breathing with chest compressions.
- The person’s lungs are supplied with oxygen by rescue breathing.
- Until the heartbeat and breathing can be restored, chest compressions keep oxygen-rich blood flowing.
If blood supply is interrupted, permanent brain damage or death can result in minutes. As a result, it is critical that blood flow and respiration be maintained until skilled medical assistance comes. Operators on the emergency line (911) can assist you.
Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation-adult and child after puberty
- Heartbeat and breathing halt in adults for a variety of reasons, including:
- Overdosing on drugs
- A problem with the heart (heart attack or abnormal heart rhythm, fluid in the lungs or compressing the heart)
- Infection which has spread through Sepsis
- Accidents and injuries
The heartbeat and respiration can be stopped for a variety of reasons, including:
- Trauma to the head or another catastrophic injury
- Lung ailment
Symptoms of Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation
- If a person exhibits any of the following signs, CPR should be performed:
- Breathing problems or no breathing (gasping)
- There is no pulse.
- Examine the responsiveness of the system. Gently shake or tap the person. Check to see if the person is moving or making a noise. “Are you all right?” yell out.
- If there is no response, dial 911. Send someone to phone 911 and yell for aid. Even if you have to leave the person, contact 911 and get an AED (if one is accessible) if you are alone.
- Place the person on their back with care. If there’s a chance the person has a spinal injury, they should be moved by two people to avoid twisting their head and neck.
- Perform chest compressions:
- Place one hand on the breastbone, directly between the nipples.
- Place your other hand’s heel on top of the previous one.
- Compress your chest for 30 seconds. The compressions should be quick and intense. Push down on the chest for roughly five centimetres (two inches). Allow the chest to elevate completely each time. Quickly count the 30 compressions:
- Make sure your airway is clear. With two fingers, lift the chin. At the same moment, push down on the forehead with the other hand to tilt the head.
- Check for breathing by looking, listening, and feeling. Position your ear near the person’s lips and nose. Keep an eye out for any movement in the chest. On your cheek, feel for breath.
- If the person is unable to breathe or is having difficulty breathing:
- Cover their mouth completely.
- Pinch your nose shut.
- Keep your chin up.
- Two rescue breaths should be given. Each breath should last around a second and cause the chest to elevate.
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- DO NOT begin chest compressions if the person is breathing, coughing, or moving normally. It’s possible that this will cause the heart to stop beating.
- DO NOT check for a pulse unless you are a medical professional. Only a skilled health care provider can correctly check for a pulse.
When Should You Consult a Doctor?
- If you have assistance, tell one person to dial 911 while another performs CPR.
- If you’re alone, dial 911 as soon as possible. Then start CPR.