Everything you need to know about hemorrhoids
Hemorrhoids are a common disease among men and women, affecting about three out of every four adults. Hemorrhoids have many causes, but often the cause is unknown. Fortunately, effective treatment options are available. Hemorrhoids can be relieved by many people with home remedies and lifestyle changes. Join us to get acquainted with this disease. In this article we have provided everything you need to know about hemorrhoids.
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What is Hemorrhoids?
Varicose veins are simply called hemorrhoids. Varicose veins are the dilation and twisting of veins in the body. Hemorrhoids are also conditions in which the veins around and inside the rectum and anus become prominent and swollen.
Hemorrhoids are natural vascular cushions in the anal canal that help control defecation. Hemorrhoids become abnormal when they become swollen or inflamed. Hemorrhoids are swollen and inflamed arteries in the rectal rectum that cause discomfort in this area. Hemorrhoids are usually caused by straining during defecation, obesity or pregnancy. Anal discomfort is a common symptom of the disease. Other symptoms include itching and bleeding.
Cause of hemorrhoids
The most common cause of hemorrhoids is prolonged constipation and straining during defecation. Both are said to increase intra-abdominal pressure and prevent venous blood from returning to the anus. Any obstruction to the return of venous blood can cause hemorrhoids.
The arteries around the anus tend to stretch under pressure and may bulge or swell. Swelling of the arteries around the anus can be the result of increased pressure on them, including the things that increase the pressure on the anal arteries:
Obesity (high volume of intra-abdominal fat increases intra-abdominal pressure)
– Sit for a long time
Lack of adequate daily mobility and lack of daily exercise
Lifting heavy objects
Cirrhosis of the liver (obstructs the return of venous blood to the anus and causes hemorrhoids)
Fissure (causes hemorrhoids by causing constipation and increasing pressure inside the anus)
Tension during bowel movements
Sit on the toilet for a long time
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Chronic diarrhea or constipation
Low fiber diet
What are the symptoms of hemorrhoids?
Symptoms of hemorrhoids often include:
Bleeding: The first and most common symptoms of hemorrhoids is painless bleeding. This type of bleeding is a symptom of internal hemorrhoids. Blood may appear as streaks in the stool or drip slightly after defecation. The patient who presents with bleeding, especially the patient who mentions blood mixed with feces, should be examined for all causes of anal bleeding.
Mass: The second sign of hemorrhoids is the protrusion of hemorrhoidal pads from the anus.
Pain: The third symptom of hemorrhoids is anal pain. Pain is seen in grade 3 and 4 internal hemorrhoids, thrombosis and necrosis, and external thrombotic hemorrhoids.
Other symptoms include mucous discharge, incomplete bowel movements, fecal incontinence, inflammation and swelling of the anus, and anal itching.
What can be done to prevent hemorrhoids?
The best way to prevent hemorrhoids is to keep the stool soft so they pass easily. To prevent hemorrhoids and reduce the symptoms of hemorrhoids, keep these tips in mind:
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Drink plenty of fluids: Drink six to eight glasses of water and other fluids (not alcohol) every day to help soften stools.
Eat high-fiber foods: Eat more fruits, vegetables and whole grains. Doing so softens and increases the amount of stool, which helps you to avoid the pressure that can cause hemorrhoids. Gently add fiber to your diet to prevent flatulence.
Consider Fiber Supplements: Most people do not get enough fiber – 20 to 30 grams a day – in their diet. Studies have shown that over-the-counter fiber supplements, such as psyllium (Metamucil) or methylcellulose (Citrucel), improve the general symptoms and bleeding of hemorrhoids.
If you take fiber supplements, be sure to drink at least eight glasses of water or other fluids daily. Otherwise, supplements can cause constipation or make it worse.
Go as soon as you feel the need: If you wait for a bowel movement to pass and your need is met, your stool will dry out and become harder to pass.
Avoid prolonged sitting: Sitting too long, especially on the toilet, can increase the pressure on the veins inside the anus.
Exercise: Activate to prevent constipation and reduce pressure on the arteries, which can occur during prolonged standing or sitting. Exercise can also help you lose excess weight, which is one of the causes of hemorrhoids.