Organic farming seems to be the ultimate savior of the environment. But can it feed 10 billion people by 2050?
In countries like Germany, many farmers see the organic method as the ultimate solution to the climate and population crisis. But if organic produce makes up only one percent of the world’s agricultural land, how can this amount of organic produce meet the needs of the world’s population?
Supporters and opponents of organic farming
Proponents of organic farming believe that this practice is not far off, but that there is still a need to change the entire global food system. The first move, they say, is to improve resource utilization and reduce waste.
Opponents, however, argue that a completely organic farming system can affect the environment even more than conventional farming.
Better use of resources
According to Andreas Gottingen, Professor of Organic Agriculture and Sustainable Land Use at the Jaste Liebig University in Giessen, Germany, the global average yield between organic and conventional agriculture is approximately 25%. Since organicfarming is highly dependent on changes in various natural factors, crop production is usually lower.
Jose Miguel Mult, a researcher at the Institute for Plant and Cellular Molecular Biology (IBCMP) in Valencia, Spain, is skeptical about further development of certified organic farming.
“If we want to use the world’s natural resources, we should a way to reduce food waste or use natural resources as pesticides,” Gottingen said. “It’s a place for artificial products.”
He talks about how a piece of land is used for agriculture, as well as for wildlife conservation and climate regulation. explained. For example, he points out that organic farming can provide food and increase soil fertility, increase biodiversity, and enhance groundwater levels and natural resilience.
However, synthetic pesticides are not used in organicfarming – as one of the main motivations for consuming such products. However, Mullet points out that many natural products used for organic products are harmful to the environment.
“Such products create a big paradox. For example, copper is very polluting and does not decompose,” he said.
In fact, Gottingen argues about toxic natural substances such as copper that copper is only used when there is evidence of a strong pest or disease. He said the organic farming is important to the ecosystem and it can provide our needs.
“Organic farming increases biodiversity and leads to increased capacity to adapt to severe weather events such as heavy rains,” Gottingen added.
In addition, organic farming promotes food safety because it reduces the contamination of synthetic pesticides, which severely affects smallholder farmers, women and children. However, when organic agricultural products enter the industrial food system, al-Khoury believes that they lose their benefits.
If an agricultural method is not currently able to feed the world, we must find a way that at least includes activities that do less harm to the environment.